Rebellion Is Justified!: Historical Materialism vs. Historical Determinism

Tuesday, May 30

Historical Materialism vs. Historical Determinism

Marx’s outlook on historical development bears no similarity to what could be called historical determinism, or, a fatalistic concept of a mechanically determined predestination. Marx’s dialectical method is opposed to the mechanical method or determinist method in which the subjective, conscious aspect of human activity is totally negated. The materialist conception of history does not argue that man does not make history, but that man makes history within definite parameters set by the inherited conditions of society. Marx says, “men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past.” (Eighteenth Brumaire)

Marx’s own practice bears out his opposition to the historical determinist outlook. His role in proselytizing communist ideology, and in building revolutionary organization, coincide fully with his belief that the rule of the bourgeoisie would not fall of its own accord, but only with the conscious, determined efforts of a cadre among the masses of people.

Marx does not state that the communist society is inevitable, but instead points to the systemic crises of class rule, and the role the propertyless proletariat may play in replacing this society with classless, communist society. To Marx, the point was to grasp the essence of historical processes, not in order to imagine the alleged inevitability of this or that future course for society, but to carry out an actual, current revolutionary process fully in accord with historical opportunities. The subjective, conscious aspect of social development, without doubt, functions within a set of constraints. Historical necessity allows for varying possibilities within a certain scope of operation; it does not forecast definite or absolute outcomes. For instance, Marx and Engels do not see revolution as the inevitable triumph of a nascent class. Indeed, revolutions may cause “the common ruin of the contending classes” (Communist Manifesto).

Voluntarism makes the error of ignoring the objective constraints of the conditions inherited from history. Such was the error of the utopian socialists who sought to, parallel with and apart from the ascendant nation-states, affect a kind of communistic relations. Historical determinism makes the error of ignoring the subjective, conscious aspect of history as a process of human self-development. Often revisionists, but also at times genuine Marxists, have adopted a historical determinist stand when proclaiming that an increase in the development of the forces of production will absolutely lead to a corresponding leap to communism, apart from the class struggle in the realm of the superstructure.

In Marx’s Theses on Feuerbach, in which he declares that “the philosophers have understood the world, the point however is to change it,” he answers the criticism that he upholds a mechanical, deterministic worldview. “The materialist doctrine concerning the changing of circumstances and upbringing forgets that circumstances are changed by men and that it is essential to educate the educator himself. This doctrine must, therefore, divide society into two parts, one of which is superior to society,” says Marx. Here, he clearly highlights the dynamic role of the subjective element in the making of history, without which, no human development can occur. The materialist conception of history fully accounts for both the objective and subjective factors contributing to social movement.

Works Cited

Marx, Karl. The German Ideology. New York: International Publishers, 1947.

Marx, Karl, and Engels, Frederick. “Theses on Feuerbach.” Marx/Engels Selected Works. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1969. 13-15.

Marx, Karl. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1978.

25 Comments:

At June 01, 2006, Blogger Umer A. Chaudhry said...

Nice summation.

Please join: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/cmkp_pk/

Long Live the Revolution!

 
At June 04, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Everyone loves what you guys are up too. This kind of clever
work and coverage! Keep up the terrific works guys
I've added you guys to my personal blogroll.

Feel free to visit my web page: email advertising Templates

 
At June 05, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This post arrived in a well-timed passion! I can't believe it. I'd been
searching on line for Email Templates. You did a
good job and yes i absolutely agree that your template could make or
break your company. Best Wishes!

Check out my site ... visit the up coming post

 
At June 06, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi there to every one, it's in fact a nice for me to go to see this website, it contains valuable Information.

Also visit my website; email templates

 
At June 06, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I am not sure where you're getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.

Also visit my blog post: free email invitation templates

 
At June 07, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks for sharing your thoughts about might.
Regards

Feel free to surf to my web site Email marketing templates

 
At June 10, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Quality content is the crucial to interest the visitors to go to see the web site,
that's what this website is providing.

my web-site ... Free email newsletter templates

 
At June 11, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you're using? I'm
going to start my own blog soon but I'm having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I'm looking for something unique.

P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I
had to ask!

Also visit my blog: Stephen

 
At June 11, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Ie.
I'm not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I'd post to let you know.

The style and design look great though! Hope you get the issue
resolved soon. Many thanks

Stop by my web blog mailchimp Email Templates

 
At June 11, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello Dear, are you in fact visiting this
site on a regular basis, if so after that you will absolutely obtain
good knowledge.

my page :: petty

 
At June 13, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi it's me, I am also visiting this site daily, this site is truly nice and the users are truly sharing good thoughts.

Feel free to surf to my weblog; Simply Click The Up Coming Article

 
At June 13, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I'm now not positive whether this submit is written by him as nobody else know such precise about my difficulty. You are incredible! Thanks!

My webpage ... Free Email Marketing Templates

 
At June 07, 2014, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article!

It's the little changes that will make the greatest
changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

Feel free to surf to my web blog casino (http://chatchatty.com/blogs/92502/369375/lies-and-casino)

 
At August 06, 2014, Anonymous Anonymous said...

It's remarkable to pay a visit this site and reading
the views of all colleagues on the topic of this paragraph, while
I am also eager of getting knowledge.

Look into my homepage: How to cleanse your Body

 
At September 07, 2014, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Using ingenious technology and innovation the Romans made
an Empire that withstood the test of your energy. An HVAC repair company is most often started
by the technician who may have learned the trade through previous employment.
I have experienced my share of scams, and have in fact done a great
job avoiding being taken for the sucker and I'm here to inform you, Ameriplan just isn't a scam.


Visit my web-site; building.hcu.ac.th

 
At September 09, 2014, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Although the pet is the first of the rewards, no more rewards have been identified yet.
This is the joy of being able to have the internet. Slowly but
steadily passing all the hurdles including technical as well as others online games are booming with popularity.


Feel free to surf to my web-site: hello hero

 
At November 30, 2014, Anonymous Anonymous said...

e cig, electronic cigarette, electronic cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, electronic cigarette reviews, electronic cigarette

 
At May 24, 2015, Blogger Taibai Li said...

0525qihangchanel outlet
gucci outlet online
soccer jerseys
burberry handbags
true religion outlet
kate spade
true religion jeans
ray bans
michael kors outlet online
ralph lauren uk
michael kors outlet online
michael kors handbags
true religion
kate spade bags
cheap oakley sunglasses
coach outlet online
coach factory outlet
coach outlet store online
coach factory outlet
polo ralph lauren
burberry scarf
jordan shoes
burberry outlet
michael kors handbags
tory burch shoes
toms shoes
air max 95
chanel handbags
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
coach outlet store online
michael kors handbag
gucci outlet
true religion outlet
fitflops sale clearance
burberry outlet online
qd

 
At September 14, 2015, Blogger chenlina said...

chenlina20150915
ray bans
oakley sunglasses
nike air max 90
toms shoes
nike tn
cheap oakley sunglasses
true religion outlet
nike roshe runs
tod's shoes
belstaff
nike air huarache
air max
instyler max
coach outlet canada
cheap ray ban sunglasses
tory burch outlet
ed hardy uk
basketball shoes
oakley sunglases cheap
kevin durant shoes
mcm outlet
football shoes
mont blanc pens
ghd hair straighteners
ralph lauren pas cher
hermes belt
longchamp
michael kors
nike running shoes
gucci
gucci shoes
vans shoes
timberland boots
nike air force 1
cheap versace
chaussure louboutin
longchamp outlet
nike blazer
pandora bracelets
moncler outlet

 
At October 15, 2015, Blogger Xiaozhengm 520 said...

2015-10-15 xiaozhengm
Cheap Real Louis Vuitton Handbags
coach factory outlet
ugg boots
coach outlet
Louis Vuitton Outlet Quality Handbags
Canada Goose,Canada Goose Outlet,Canada Goose Jackets,Canada Goose Sale
cheap ugg boots
Louis Vuitton Neverfull GM Monogram
Michael Kors Outlet Handbags Wholesale
Outlet Michael Kors Online
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet online
Authentic Gucci Factory Outlet
Coach Coupons In Coach Outlet Store Online
louis vuitton handbags
Ugg Boots,Ugg Boots Outlet,Ugg Outlet,Cheap Uggs,Uggs On Sale,Ugg Boots Clearance,Uggs For Women
Coach Outlet Official Website
UK Louis Vuitton Handbag Outlet
cheap ugg boots
jordans for sale
michael kors outlet online
Authentic Louis Vuitton Handbags Outlet
toms
true religion outlet
ralph lauren uk
Abercrombie & Fitch Kids Clothing
Authentic Coach Factory Outlet Online
Air Jordan 3 "Infrared 23"
Louis Vuitton Outlet High Quality
Designer Louis Vuitton Handbags Online
Michael Kors Outlet Official Website
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet stores
canada goose outlet
canada goose jackets
ugg boots

 
At March 28, 2016, Blogger Nike Free said...

jordan 13
cheap jordans for sale
Jordan 11 Concord
jordans 2015
coach store
coach outlets stores
kate spade sale
kate spade purses
Michael Kors Clearance
michael kors bags
michael kors outlet
michael kors jewelry
michael kors bracelet
michael kors sale
michael kors handbags
michael kors Premium Outlets
michael kors hamilton
michael kors factory outlet
jordans shoes
jordan retro 13
kd 7
lebron 12
nike air max thea
nike air max 2014
nike free trainer 5.0
nike free run
red sole shoes
Red Bottom Shoes For Women
mbt usa
mbt shoes sale

 
At July 03, 2016, Blogger 柯云 said...

2016-07-04keyun
coach factory outlet online
michael kors purses
kate spade handbags
coach outlet store online clearances
coach factory outlet
kobe 10
ghd flat iron
adidas superstar shoes
polo ralph lauren
cheap toms
timberlands
michael kors outlet online
asics running shoes
coach outlet
christian louboutin wedges
montblanc pens
coach factory outlet
air max 95
nfl jerseys wholesale
abercrombie and fitch
ralph lauren home
giuseppe zanotti sneakers
cheap oakley sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses uk
the north face jackets
louis vuitton purses
jordan 3s
nike roshe run
adidas nmd
louis vuitton purses
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton outlet stores
kobe shoes 11
louis vuitton handbags
ray ban outlet
nike sb dunks
jordan shoes
ray ban sunglasses outlet
christian louboutin shoes

 
At July 09, 2016, Blogger Chen Zhiqin said...

vikings jerseys
salomon shoes sale
browns jerseys
tommy hilfiger
miami heat jerseys
cleveland cavaliers jerseys
golden state warriors
abercrombie outlet
miami dolphins jerseys
nike outlet store
boston celtics
golden state warriors jersey
jaguars jersey
mizuno shoes
nike free run
houston texans jersey
valentino shoes
lacoste pas cher
dolphins jerseys
new orleans saints jersey
nike roshe run
mac cosmetics
houston texans jerseys
san antonio spurs
san francisco 49ers jersey
jets jersey
nike foamposite
supra shoes sale
chicago bears jersey
jordan 4
philadelphia eagles jersey
redskins jerseys
air jordan 4
new england patriots jersey
jordan 13
czq20160709

 
At August 25, 2016, Blogger Gege Dai said...

ray-ban sunglasses
fitflops sale
tory burch shoes
snapbacks wholesale
coach outlet store
ghd uk
ugg boots
michael kors factory outlet
louis vuitton outlet store
ugg outlet
fitflops clearance
polo outlet
oakley sunglasses
cheap ugg boots
cheap jordans
nike soccer shoes
louis vuitton handbags
coach outlet clearance
cheap nfl jersey
foamposite shoes
nike free run
marc jacobs outlet
tiffany and co
longchamp handbag
cheap mlb jerseys
air max uk
cheap oakley sunglasses
chrome hearts
louis vuitton handbags
tiffany and co jewelry
nike outlet store
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
michael kors handbags
czq20160825

 
At May 04, 2017, Blogger SAMY HASSAN said...

Keep it up!
http://www.kuwait.prokr.net/
http://www.emirates.prokr.net/

 

Post a Comment

<< Home